Образование в РоссииДисциплина: Культурология
Тип работы: Реферат
Тема: Образование в России
EDUCATION IN RUSSIA
Secondary education is mandatory in Russia. Children start school at the
age of 6 and finish at 17 . As a rule, a child attends the school located
in the neighborhood,the one which is the closes to home . However , there
in big cities there are also so-called \"special\" schools , offering more
German), or the advanced courses in physics and mathematics, and children
attending one of these may have to commute from home. There are no school
buses in Russia.
The first stage of education is elementary school for grades 1 through 4.
The is secondary school for grades 5 through 9 . Upon graduation
from secondary school ( which not the equivalent of having completed
their given the choice of either
continuing to attend the same school (high school; grades 10 and 11 ), or
entering a vocational school or trade school. Both vocational school and
trade schools are meant to the certificate of
secondary education, with a number of useful skills ( e.g. , those of an
electrician, technical, or computer operator ).One attends the former for
two years, and the latter for three or four.
of work force or go on to college ( \" institution of higher learning \" ).
There are universityes and so-called \"institutes\" in Russian . The former
stress a more teoretical , fundamental approach to education , while the
latter are more practice oriented.
Russian universitys . Future doctors attend medical institutes. There are
no equivalent to those of bachelor\'s or master\'s.
Students five years in college or six in a medical
series of oral and written tests. Grades in the certificate of secondary
education are also taken account.
Entry to higher education is quite competitive. Some college departments
( philologist,foreign languages-especially English,law, journalism ) have
dozens of applicants for one prospective student\'s position. The same is
true of medical and theatre institutes.
studied lines approved by the
Ministery Education . Evidently , this situation is going to
change in the near future.
Education in Russian has until recently been free on all levels. College
students with a modest stipend . All
institutions higher learning were subsidized by the government . Now
that changing to a market-place economy, the system of
education also bound to undergo profound changes . The first private
scholls , gymnasiums and lycees, have already been founded in Moscow and
St. Petersburg , in revive the pre-1917 traditionals of
Russian educational system with its high standards of excellence.
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