Образование в России

    Дисциплина: Культурология
    Тип работы: Реферат
    Тема: Образование в России


    Secondary education is mandatory in Russia. Children start school at the

    age of 6 and finish at 17 . As a rule, a child attends the school located

    in the neighborhood,the one which is the closes to home . However , there

    in big cities there are also so-called \"special\" schools , offering more


    German), or the advanced courses in physics and mathematics, and children

    attending one of these may have to commute from home. There are no school

    buses in Russia.

    The first stage of education is elementary school for grades 1 through 4.

    The is secondary school for grades 5 through 9 . Upon graduation

    from secondary school ( which not the equivalent of having completed

    their given the choice of either

    continuing to attend the same school (high school; grades 10 and 11 ), or

    entering a vocational school or trade school. Both vocational school and

    trade schools are meant to the certificate of

    secondary education, with a number of useful skills ( e.g. , those of an

    electrician, technical, or computer operator ).One attends the former for

    two years, and the latter for three or four.


    of work force or go on to college ( \" institution of higher learning \" ).

    There are universityes and so-called \"institutes\" in Russian . The former

    stress a more teoretical , fundamental approach to education , while the

    latter are more practice oriented.

    structure of

    Russian universitys . Future doctors attend medical institutes. There are

    no equivalent to those of bachelor\'s or master\'s.

    Students five years in college or six in a medical


    series of oral and written tests. Grades in the certificate of secondary

    education are also taken account.

    Entry to higher education is quite competitive. Some college departments

    ( philologist,foreign languages-especially English,law, journalism ) have

    dozens of applicants for one prospective student\'s position. The same is

    true of medical and theatre institutes.

    any has

    studied lines approved by the

    Ministery Education . Evidently , this situation is going to

    change in the near future.

    Education in Russian has until recently been free on all levels. College

    students with a modest stipend . All

    institutions higher learning were subsidized by the government . Now

    that changing to a market-place economy, the system of

    education also bound to undergo profound changes . The first private

    scholls , gymnasiums and lycees, have already been founded in Moscow and

    St. Petersburg , in revive the pre-1917 traditionals of

    Russian educational system with its high standards of excellence.

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