Cultural Values

    Дисциплина: Иностранные языки
    Тип работы: Диплом
    Тема: Cultural Values

    «Urals State Technical University - UPI»

    Foreign language department

    Thesis

    «Cultural Values»

    Student: Zaitseva S.V.

    Group: P

    Supervisor: Hramushina Zh.A.

    Ekaterinburg

    2004

    Table of contents:

    Summary

    Key words

    Introduction

    Definitions: beliefs, values

    The value / belief puzzle

    Contrastive orientations

    Japanese interpersonal norms

    Japanese and American patterns of social behavior

    The national status image

    A Cultural model of interaction

    Seven statements about Americans

    Factors influencing values

    Intercultural communication: a guide to men of action

    Cuisine, etiquette and cultural values

    Patterns of speech

    Contrast Russian’s stereotypes

    Nine statements about Russians

    Middle Eastern interview responses

    American’s view of Russian. Russian’s view of American

    American interview responses

    Russian interview responses

    Conclusion

    Literature

    Appendix

    SUMMARY

    diploma work contains 80 pages, 2 tables, 1 figure, 4 books are a source of it.

    Key words: cross-cultural communication, values, beliefs, clusters, stereotypes.

    In detail it is said about

    concept \"values\", factors influencing values, the meaning of values in intercultural communication and understanding between different nations.

    In brief it is mentioned differences between

    beliefs, values.

    The actuality and novelty of a theme consist in the following points.

    Problems of the intercultural communications and cultural values are \"young\". Scientists started to consider them rather recently. In Russia researches have begun only in the

    80th years. In such a way, there is not enough literature and materials on the given questions. Therefore any new works and researches make the significant contribution to studying

    these problems.

    So in my work I tried: to research the influence of cultural values to attitude one country to another; to explore and to compare Japanese and American patterns of social

    behavior; to understand the factors influencing values; to discover stereotypes between different countries.

    In conclusion it is noted that

    excellent knowledge of language is only half-affair for successful

    cooperation

    with other country. Also it is necessary to know features of people of other country in negotiating or their attitude to business. Also it is necessary to take into account

    features of dialogue, etiquette, relations with grown-ups and many other things.

    KEY WORDS

    Cross-cultural communication

    is the information exchange between one person and any other source transmitting a message displaying properties of a culture different to the one of the receiver’s

    culture. The source of such a message can be either a person, in an interpersonal communication process, or any form of mass media or other form of media.

    Values.

    A value is something that is important to people — like honesty,

    harmony, respect for elders, or thinking of your family first. They are represents what is expected or hoped for, required or forbidden. It is not a report of actual

    conduct but is the inductively based logically ordered set of criteria of evaluations by which conduct is judged and sanctions applied.

    Beliefs

    are generally taken to mean a mental acceptance or conviction in the truth or actuality of something. A belief links an object or event and the characteristics that

    distinguish it from others. The degree to which we believe that an event or object possesses certain characteristics reflects the level of our subjective probability (belief) and,

    consequently, the depth or intensity of our belief. The more certain we are in a belief, the greater is the intensity of that belief.

    Clusters

    are groups of inter-related industries that drive wealth creation in a region and provides a richer more meaningful representation of local industry drivers and regional

    dynamics trends than traditional methods and represents the entire value chain of a broadly defined industry from suppliers to end products, including supporting services and

    specialized infras...

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