Рождество в Англии

    Дисциплина: Культурология
    Тип работы: Реферат
    Тема: Рождество в Англии

    In England Christmas pudding and cakes are being prepared in 6

    Frankly speaking, nowadays English pudding oftener is bought at the shop than it is made by the English themselves for to cook it’s both more expensive and gives a

    lot of troubles which are enough before Christmas as it is.

    But the tradition of Christmas pudding is believed not to die out in England. Many people make sweets even if they usually do not prepare anything more and they

    give away these sweets to their friends. Christmas pudding has gone down in history and English culture. It even played the main roles in English books. For instance here it is what

    Mrs. Ross out of detective by A. Christie `` Theft of royal ruby`` tells about pudding:

    the longer it is kept within reasonable limits, of course, the

    more delicious it is. I remember when I was a little girl and we went to the church every Sunday, so we wanted for a certain prayer, which was served as a signal to preparing of

    puddings. On Sunday the prayer was said and not later than next week my mother made Christmas pudding without fail. Everybody living in the house had to enter the kitchen to stir the

    pudding and to think of any wish. That is the long-standing tradition, sir, and I always follow it.”

    Christmas psalms, skating, garlands and other typical Christmas attributes accompany beginning of feast time in Great Britain traditionally. This year lighting

    ceremony of Christmas garlands in Regent-street, Old Street of London city celebrates its anniversary of 50 years.

    Historical royal places of London, remind about Christmas celebration in the past centuries. At the Tower of London Norman Christmas takes part from the 27 till

    the 31 of December that recreates atmosphere of 1098 year which is memorable; exactly there the king Henry 1 and his suite celebrated the feast after finishing of building of the


    Jacob 1 and Ann Danish laid its traditions. The skating-ring getting up

    in best traditions of that time is opened also here.

    In Christmas Eve 12 showrooms at Geoffrey’s museum in an east part of London are festively decorated where some furniture and examples of interior of period since

    1600 up to our days are exhibited. Visitors can find out what is the foundation of such traditions as kissing under mistle-toe and decorating of a fir-tree.

    For English children Christmas appears indistinctly in October yet, at this time they sit at the table and putting out their tonguage tips with effort write

    Christmas list for Father Christmas. Shop owners sell different thematic togs just from this moment.

    In generally this is a long-standing tradition. In UK there are traditions, rituals, distinctive marks, Kinks and other crazy ideas, connected to winters

    festivities more than in all the rest of Europe. It being (There being) both long-standing traditions and relatively new ones, but they are got firmly cemented in the midst of Britain

    mentality. Here is an example; from the end of the 19-century Advent calendars come to England from Germany. First they had religious “grown up” aim but soon children started using

    them. And now each year from the 1 0f December whole juvenile Britain keeps counting to the Advent. And these Calendars can be wild: blinking, chocolate, waffle, of they can be even

    like heads of Martians.

    Majority of building are decorated only in two weeks before Christmas. Trees in many of which the leaves are left are enmeshed in tinsel, coloured lights and

    different ribbons. Lawns in front of houses are usually hidden almost completely with holly and ivygarlands and with statues of Father Christmas. In Christmas Eve children go to bed

    right after they are read prayers and thrilling Christmas stories. But before this they are sure to leave a pie with meat topping and some milk for Father Christmas and a carrot for a

    certain Rudolf to receive presents. And in the morning at this unearthly hour children rush upstairs to the living rooms where everything what they wer...

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