Поляризация света

    Дисциплина: Химия и физика
    Тип работы: Реферат
    Тема: Поляризация света

    ИНСТИТУТ ФИЗИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ

    Реферат

    Поляризация света.

    Автор: Осипян Д.С.

    АШТАРАК 1999

    ^A^aa"aa'i`ea

    'Od`a^a'ia'i`e"y `I`a^e~n^aa"e"e`a. "Id`e 'i`a"e`e:`e`e 'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e`e~o c`ad"y"a^i^a ^a "id^i~n`od`a'i~n`o^aa 'o~n`o`a'i`a^a"e`e^a`aa`o~n"y ^a^ic'a'oae"aa'i'i^ia

    ~n^i~n`o^i"y'i`ea, ^e^i`o^id^ia 'i`ac^u^a`ath`o 'y"ea^e`od^i`i`a~a'i`e`o'i^u`i "i^i"ea`i. A~a^i

    "ida"a~n`o`a^a"e"yth`o ^aa^e`o^id`a`i`e E `e B, `e`ia'i'oa`i^u`i`e ~n^i^i`o^aa`o~n`o^aa'i'i^i 'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e`e`i ^aa^e`o^id^i`i `e `i`a~a'i`e`o'i^i'e `e'i"a'o^e"o`ea'e. "A"e"y ^i"i`e~n`a'i`e"y ^a"e`e"y'i`e"y "i^i"e"y 'i`a `i`a`oad`e`a"e"u'i^ua ^i'a'ua^e`o^u 'ia^i'a~o^i"a`e`i^i

    ^a^aa~n`o`e ^a`o^id'oth ~ad'o"i"i'o ^aa^e`o^id^i^a, `a `e`ia'i'i^i "i"e^i`o'i^i~n`o"u 'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e^i~a^i `o^i^e`a J, 'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e^ia ~n`ia`ua'i`ea D `e `i`a~a'i`e`o'i^u'e ^aa^e`o^id H. "Id^i~n`od`a'i~n`o^aa'i'i^ua `e ^ada`ia'i'i^ua "id^i`ec^a^i"a'i^ua "i"y`o`e

    'o^e`ac`a'i'i^u~o ^aa^e`o^id^i^a ~n^a"yc`a'i^u 'od`a^a'ia'i`ea`i `I`a^e~n^aa"e"e`a.

    rot H =

    rot E= -

    div B= 0

    div D = 4

    'Od`a^a'ia'i`e"y `I`a^e~n^aa"e"e`a (1)-(4) ~n^a"yc^u^a`ath`o "i"y`o"u ^i~n'i^i^a'i^u~o

    ^aa"e`e:`e'i

    E, H, B, D `e J. "Id`e c`a"a`a'i'i^i`i d`a~n"ida"aa"ea'i`e`e c`ad"y"a^i^a `e `o^i^e^i^a 'od`a^a'ia'i`e"y "a^i"i'o~n^e`ath`o a"a`e'i~n`o^aa'i'i^ia daoa'i`ea, ^e^i~a"a`a ^e 'i`e`i "a^i'a`a^a"e"yth`o~n"y ~n^i^i`o'i^ioa'i`e"y , ^i"i`e~n`e^a`ath`u`ea "i^i^aa"aa'i`e"y

    ^aa`ua~n`o^a "i^i"a ^a"e`e"y'i`ea`i "i^i"e"y, `o.'i. `i`a`oad`e`a"e"u'i^ua 'od`a^a'ia'i`e"y. ^A ^i'a`ua`i ~n"e'o:`aa ^i'i`e "a^i^a^i"e"u'i^i ~n"e^iae'i^u, 'i^i "a"e"y `oa"e, "i^i^e^i"y`u`e~o~n"y "ad'o~a ^i`o'i^i~n`e`oa"e"u'i^i "ad'o~a`a (`e"e`e 'i`a~o^i"a"y`o~n"y ^a ~n^i~n`o^i"y'i`e`e ^i:a'i"u `ia"a"ea'i'i^i~a^i

    "a^a`eaea'i`e"y) `e ~n^i~n`o^i"y`u`e~o `ec `ec^i`od^i"i'i^u~o ^aa`ua~n`o^a, 'y`o`e 'od`a^a'ia'i`e"y "id`e'i`e`i`ath`o ^i`o'i^i~n`e`oa"e"u'i^i "id^i~n`o'oth ^o^id`i'o.

    ^Aa"e`e:`e'i`a

    'i`ac^u^a`aa`o~n"y 'o"aa"e"u'i^i'e "id^i^a^i"a`e`i^i~n`o"uth,

    - "a`e'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e^i'e "id^i'i`e"o`aa`i^i~n`o"uth, `a

    - `i`a~a'i`e`o'i^i'e "id^i'i`e"o`aa`i^i~n`o"uth.

    ^A^i"e'i^i'i^ia 'od`a^a'ia'i`ea. D`a~n~n`i^i`od`e`i ~n"e'o:`a'e ^i'a"e`a~n`o`e "i^i"e"y, 'ia ~n^i"aadae`a`ua'e 'i`e c`ad"y"a^i^a, 'i`e `o^i'i^i^a `o.a. .

    "A`e^o^oada'i"o`e`a"e"u'i^ua 'od`a^a'ia'i`e"y, ^e^i`o^id^u`i "a^i"eae'i^u 'o"a^i^a"ea`o^a^id"y`o"u ^e`aae"a^u'e `ec ^aa^e`o^id^i^a ^a ^i`o"aa"e"u'i^i~n`o`e, `i^iae'i^i "i^i"e'o:`e`o"u "i'o`oa`i `e~n^e"eth:a'i`e"y ^i~n`o`a"e"u'i^u~o ^aa^e`o^id^i^a. "A"e"y ^i"a'i^id^i"a'i^i'e ~nda"a^u "i^i"e'o:`e`i

    (9).

    'Y`o^i ^i'a^u:'i^ua 'od`a^a'ia'i`e"y ^a^i"e'i^i^a^i~a^i "a^a`eaea'i`e"y. ^I'i`e ^ic'i`a:`ath`o, :`o^i ~n'o`ua~n`o^a'oa`o 'y"ea^e`od^i`i`a~a'i`e`o'i`a"y ^a^i"e'i`a, d`a~n"id^i~n`od`a'i"yth`u`a"y~n"y ~n^i ~n^e^id^i~n`o"uth

    (10).

    "I^i"iada:'i^i~n`o"u ~n^aa`o^i^a^i'e ^a^i"e'i^u. `Ec 'y"ea^e`od^i`i`a~a'i`e`o'i^i'e `oa^id`e`e ~n^aa`o`a ^a^u`oa^e`aa`o 'ia"i^i~nda"a~n`o^aa'i'i^i, :`o^i ~n^aa`o^i^a`a"y

    ^a^i"e'i`a "i^i"iada:'i`a. ^A~n"y ~n^i^a^i^e'o"i'i^i~n`o"u c`a^e^i'i^i^a 'y"ea^e`od^i`i`a~a'ia`o`ec`i`a `e 'y"ea^e`od^i`i`a~a'i`e`o'i^i'e `e'i"a'o^e"o`e`e ^ed`a`o^e^ia `i`a`oa`i`a`o`e:a~n^e^ia ^a^ud`aaea'i`ea ^e^i`o^id^i'e c`a^e"eth:`aa`o~n"y ^a 'od`a^a'ia'i`e"y~o `oa^id`e`e `I`a^e~n^aa"e"e`a, "id`e^a^i"a"y`o ^e

    ^a^u^a^i"a'o, :`o^i `ec`ia'ia'i`ea ^a^i ^ada`ia'i`e 'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e^i'e 'i`a"id"yaea'i'i^i~n`o`e E ~n^i"id^i^a^iae"a`aa`o~n"y "i^i"y^a"ea'i`ea`i "iada`ia'i'i^i~a^i

    `i`a~a'i`e`o'i^i~a^i "i^i"e"y H, 'i`a"id`a^a"ea'i'i^i~a^i "iad"ia'i"a`e^e'o"e"yd'i^i ^e ^aa^e`o^id'o E, `e ^i'ad`a`o'i^i. `O`a^e^ia "iada`ia'i'i^ia 'y"ea^e`od^i`i`a~a'i`e`o'i^ia "i^i"ea d`a~n"id^i~n`od`a'i"ya`o~n"y ~n^i ~n^e^id^i~n`o"uth ~n^aa`o`a ^a"a^i"e"u "e`e'i`e`e,

    "iad"ia'i"a`e^e'o"e"yd'i^i'e ^aa^e`o^id`a`i E `e H, ^i'ad`ac'o"y 'y"ea^e`od^i`i`a~a'i`e`o'i^ua, ^a :`a~n`o'i^i~n`o`e ~n^aa`o^i^a^ua, 'i^i"e'i^u. `O.^i. , `od`e ^aa^e`o^id`a E, H

    `o.a. 'y"ea^e`od^i`i`a~a'i`e`o'i`a"y ^a^i"e'i`a "i^i"iada:'i`a.

    "I^i"e"yd`ec`a"o`e"y ~n^aa`o`a.

    A~n`oa~n`o^aa'i'i^u'e `e "i^i"e"yd`ec^i^a`a'i'i^u'e ~n^aa`o. A~n`oa~n`o^aa'i'i^u'e ~n^aa`o a~n`o"u ~n^i^a^i^e'o"i'i^i~n`o"u ~n^aa`o^i^a^u~o ^a^i"e'i ~n^i ^a~na`i`e

    ^a^ic`i^iae'i^u`i`e 'i`a"id`a^a"ea'i`e"y`i`e ^e^i"ea'a`a'i`e'e, 'a^u~n`od^i `e 'aa~n"i^id"y"a^i:'i^i ~n`ia'i"yth`u`e`i`e "ad'o~a "ad'o~a`a.

    "E`e'ia'e'i^i-

    `e"e`e "i"e^i~n^e^i"i^i"e"yd`ec^i^a`a'i'i^u'e ~n^aa`o "ida"a~n`o`a^a"e"ya`o ~n^i'a^i'e ~n^aa`o^i^a^ua ^a^i"e'i^u ~n ^i"a'i`e`i-a"a`e'i~n`o^aa'i'i^u`i 'i`a"id`a^a"ea'i`ea`i

    ^e^i"ea'a`a'i`e'e ( a"a`e'i~n`o^aa'i'i^u'e ^eda~n`o E `e H ), `o.a. ^a^i"e'i^u ~n ^a"i^i"e'ia 'o"i^id"y"a^i:a'i'i^u`i 'i`a"id`a^a"ea'i`ea`i ^e^i"ea'a`a'i`e'e. ~N'o`ua~n`o^a'oth`o `e 'a^i"eaa ~n"e^iae'i^ua ^a`e"a^u 'o"i^id"y"a^i:a'i'i^u~o ^e^i"ea'a`a'i`e'e, ^e^i`o^id^u`i

    ~n^i^i`o^aa`o~n`o^a'oth`o `e'i^ua `o`e"i^u "i^i"e"yd`ec`a"o`e'e, 'i`a"id`e`iad ^ed'o~a^i^a`a"y `e"e`e 'y"e"e`e"i`o`e:a~n^e`a"y "i^i"e"yd`ec`a"o`e`e, "id`e ^e^i`o^id^u~o ^e^i'ia"o 'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e^i~a^i

    ( `e `i`a~a'i`e`o'i^i~a^i) ^aa^e`o^id`a ^i"i`e~n^u^a`aa`o ^ed'o~a `e"e`e 'y"e"e`e"i~n ~n `oa`i `e"e`e `e'i^u`i 'y^e~n"oa'i`od`e~n`e`oa`o^i`i.

    x`a~n`o`e:'i^i "i^i"e"yd`ec^i^a`a'i'i^u'e ~n^aa`o

    ~o`ad`a^e`oad`ec'oa`o~n"y `oa`i, :`o^i ^i"a'i^i `ec 'i`a"id`a^a"ea'i`e'e ^e^i"ea'a`a'i`e'e

    ^i^e`ac^u^a`aa`o~n"y "ida`e`i'o`ua~n`o^aa'i'i^u`i, 'i^i 'ia `e~n^e"eth:`e`oa"e"u'i^u`i.

    D`a~n"id^i~n`od`a'ia'i`ea ~n^aa`o`a :adac `o'od`i`a"e`e'i. ^A^udaaea`i `ec ^ed`e~n`o`a"e"e`a `o'od`i`a"e`e'i`a "i"e`a~n`o`e'i^e'o, "i"e^i~n^e^i~n`o"u ^e^i`o^id^i'e

    "i`ad`a"e"ea"e"u'i`a ^i"a'i^i`i'o `ec ^i"ida"aa"ea'i'i^u~o 'i`a"id`a^a"ea'i`e'e ^ed`e~n`o`a"e"e`e:a~n^e^i'e daoa`o^e`e, 'i`ac^u^a`aa`i^i'e ^i~n"uth , `e 'i`a"id`a^a`e`i ~n^e^a^ic"u "i"e`a~n`o`e'i^e'o ~n^aa`o "iad"ia'i"a`e^e'o"e"yd'i^i ^e "i^i^aad~o'i^i~n`o`e "i"e`a~n`o`e'i^e`e. ^I"i^u`o "i^i^e`ac^u^a`aa`o ,

    :`o^i `o'od`i`a"e`e'i "ida^ad`a`u`aa`o a~n`oa~n`o^aa'i'i^u'e ~n^aa`o ^a "e`e'ia'e'i^i-"i^i"e"yd`ec^i^a`a'i'i^u'e, c`a"aadae`e^a`a"y "i^i"e^i^a`e'i'o a~a^i, ~n^i^i`o^aa`o~n`o^a'oth`u'oth `o^i'e ~n"e`a~a`ath`ua'e 'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e^i~a^i ^aa^e`o^id`a, ^e^i`o^id`a"y "iad"ia'i"a`e^e'o"e"yd'i`a ^e ^i~n`e

    ^ed`e~n`o`a"e"e`a, `o`a^e :`o^i c`a ^ed`e~n`o`a"e"e^i`i ^i^e`aae'o`o~n"y ^a^i"e'i^u, 'i`a"id`a^a"ea'i`ea 'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e^i~a^i ^aa^e`o^id`a ^e^i`o^id^u~o "i`ad`a"e"ea"e"u'i^i ^i~n`e ^ed`e~n`o`a"e"e`a. ^Ed`e~n`o`a"e"e , `o.^i. , ^a^u"aa"e"ya`o `ec ~n^aa`o`a ~n^i ^a~na^a^ic`i^iae'i^u`i`e

    ^id`ea'i`o`a"o`e"y`i`e A `o'o :`a~n`o"u, ^e^i`o^id`a"y ~n^i^i`o^aa`o~n`o^a'oa`o ^i"a'i^i`i'o ^i"ida"aa"ea'i'i^i`i'o 'i`a"id`a^a"ea'i`eth

    "I^i"e"yd`ec`a"o`e"y "id`e ^i`od`aaea'i`e`e `e "ida"e^i`i"ea'i`e`e ~n^aa`o`a 'i`a ~ad`a'i`e"oa "a^a'o~o "a`e'y"ea^e`od`e^e^i^a. ss^a"ea'i`ea "i^i"e"yd`ec`a"o`e`e ~n^aa`o`a ,

    `o.a. ^a^u"aa"ea'i`e"y ~n^aa`o^i^a^u~o ^a^i"e'i ~n ^i"ida"aa"ea'i'i^i'e ^id`ea'i`o`a"o`ea'e 'y"ea^e`od`e:a~n^e^i~a^i ( `e `i`a~a'i`e`o'i^i~a^i ) ^aa^e`o^id`a `e`iaa`o `ia~n`o^i `e "id`e ^i`od`aaea'i`e`e `e"e`e "ida"e^i`i"ea'i`e`e ~n^aa`o`a 'i`a ~ad`a'i`e"oa "a^a'o~o `ec^i`od^i"i'...

    Забрать файл

    Похожие материалы:


    Добавить комментарий
    Старайтесь излагать свои мысли грамотно и лаконично

    Введите код:
    Включите эту картинку для отображения кода безопасности
    обновить, если не виден код



ПИШЕМ УНИКАЛЬНЫЕ РАБОТЫ
Заказывайте напрямую у исполнителя!


© 2006-2016 Все права защищены