Обзор экономики Грузии за 2004 год

    Дисциплина: Юриспруденция
    Тип работы: Реферат
    Тема: Обзор экономики Грузии за 2004 год

    TBILISI

    , GEORGIA

    Private Sector and Human-resource Development in Georgia

    Author:

    Lasha Martashvili

    E-mail: lmg@bk.ru

    (18.02.2004)

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u

    Government Policies

    PAGEREF _Toc84649293 \h

    Government promotion policies of small and medium size enterprises

    PAGEREF _Toc84649294 \h

    National Investment Agency of Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649295 \h

    Georgian Investment Center

    PAGEREF _Toc84649296 \h

    1.2.1

    Government’s Export Promotion Policy

    PAGEREF _Toc84649297 \h

    1.2.2

    Georgian Export Promotion Agency (GEPA)

    PAGEREF _Toc84649298 \h

    Foreign Investment Promotion

    PAGEREF _Toc84649299 \h

    1.3.1

    Government’s Foreign Investment

    Promotion Policy

    PAGEREF _Toc84649300 \h

    1.3.2

    Foreign Investment Advisory Council (FIAC)

    PAGEREF _Toc84649301 \h

    Tax Regime

    PAGEREF _Toc84649302 \h

    1.3.3

    Taxation System and Tax Rates in Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649303 \h

    1.3.4

    Existing Taxation Practices

    PAGEREF _Toc84649304 \h

    1.3.5

    Tax Reform Areas

    PAGEREF _Toc84649305 \h

    Legislative Basis for the Operation of the Private Companies

    PAGEREF _Toc84649306 \h

    1.5.1

    Law of Georgia on Entrepreneurs (LoE) (Corporate Law)

    PAGEREF _Toc84649307 \h

    1.5.2

    Law of Georgia on Securities Market (SML)

    PAGEREF _Toc84649308 \h

    1.5.3

    Employment Regulations in Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649309 \h

    1.5.4

    Regulations about Real Estate in Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649310 \h

    The Business Environment in Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649311 \h

    Institutional Arrangements

    PAGEREF _Toc84649312 \h

    1.3.1

    Securities Industry

    PAGEREF _Toc84649313 \h

    Society

    PAGEREF _Toc84649314 \h

    Poverty issues

    PAGEREF _Toc84649315 \h

    Economics

    PAGEREF _Toc84649316 \h

    Main economic indicators

    PAGEREF _Toc84649317 \h

    Agriculture

    PAGEREF _Toc84649319 \h

    Trade

    PAGEREF _Toc84649320 \h

    Construction

    PAGEREF _Toc84649321 \h

    Business

    PAGEREF _Toc84649322 \h

    Company Registration and Licensing System

    PAGEREF _Toc84649323 \h

    4.1.1

    Company Registration System

    PAGEREF _Toc84649324 \h

    4.1.2

    Company

    Licensing

    System

    PAGEREF _Toc84649325 \h

    Local Enterprises

    PAGEREF _Toc84649326 \h

    4.1.3

    Joint Stock Companies traded at Georgian Stock Exchange

    PAGEREF _Toc84649327 \h

    4.1.4

    Joint Stock Companies not traded at Georgian Stock Exchange

    PAGEREF _Toc84649333 \h

    Human-Resource Development in the Private Sector

    PAGEREF _Toc84649334 \h

    Other Donors’ Activities

    PAGEREF _Toc84649336 \h

    The World Bank and IMF

    PAGEREF _Toc84649337 \h

    5.1.1

    List of the Active World Bank Projects in Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649338 \h

    S – Satisfactory

    PAGEREF _Toc84649339 \h

    U - Unsatisfactory

    PAGEREF _Toc84649340 \h

    5.1.2

    List of the Closed World Bank Projects in Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649341 \h

    5.1.3

    Description of the Closed World Bank Projects in Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649342 \h

    5.1.4

    The World Bank and IMF Cooperation in Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649343 \h

    5.1.5

    The World Bank Country Assistance Strategy for Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649344 \h

    5.1.6

    The World Bank Partners in Georgia

    PAGEREF _Toc84649345 \h

    USAID

    PAGEREF _Toc84649346 \h

    EBRD

    PAGEREF _Toc84649347 \h

    PAGEREF _Toc84649348 \h

    PAGEREF _Toc84649349 \h

    CIDA

    PAGEREF _Toc84649350 \h

    DFID

    PAGEREF _Toc84649351 \h

    The Government of the Netherlands

    PAGEREF _Toc84649352 \h

    IFAD

    PAGEREF _Toc84649353 \h

    5.10

    UNDP

    PAGEREF _Toc84649354 \h

    5.11

    UNICEF

    PAGEREF _Toc84649355 \h

    Currency

    (Exchange rate as of 01 Feb. 2004)

    Currency Unit = Georgian Lari (GEL)

    1 USD = 2.11 GEL

    1.0 GEL = 0.47 USD

    Abbreviations and Acronyms

    Country Assistance Strategy of the World Bank

    CFAA

    Country Financial Accountability Assessment

    Commonwealth of Independent States

    CPIA

    Country Policy and Institutional Assessment

    DFID

    Department for International Development, U.K.

    EBRD

    European Bank for Reconstruction Development

    EDPRP

    Economic Dev’t Poverty Reduction Program

    European Union

    Food and Agriculture Organization

    Foreign Direct Investment

    FIAS

    Foreign Investment Advisory Service

    FSAP

    Financial Sector Assessment Program

    Former Soviet Union

    Fiscal Year

    Gross Domestic Product

    Georgian Lari

    Gross National Product

    Government of Georgia

    Georgian Stock Exchange

    German Technical Cooperation

    International Development Association

    Institutional Development Fund

    Internally Displaced Persons

    International Finance Corporation

    International Monetary Fund

    IOSCO

    The International Organization of Securities Commissions

    Joint Stock Company

    German Financial Cooperation

    Limited Liability Company

    MDGs

    Millennium Development Goals

    Ministry of Finance

    National Bank of Georgia

    Non-Governmental Organization

    National Bank of Georgia

    Non-Governmental Organization

    OECD

    Organization For Economic Coop’n Development

    Public Expenditure Review

    Purchasing Power Parity

    PRGF

    Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

    PRSP

    Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

    Structural Adjustment Credit

    SATAC

    Structural Adjustment Technical Assistance Credit

    Security and Exchange Commission

    SIDA

    Swedish International Development Agency

    Social Investment Fund

    Small and Medium Enterprises

    Structural Reform Support Project

    TACIS

    Technical Assistance to the CIS (EU)

    UNDP

    United Nations Development Program

    UNHCR

    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

    USAID

    United States Agency for International Development

    Value Added Tax

    World Trade Organization

    Government Policies

    Government promotion policies of small and medium size enterprises

    [To be described:] "Small and Medium Enterprise State Support Program for 2002 - 2004 in Georgia"

    [To be described:]

    Law of Georgia "On Promotion of Small and Medium Enterprises"

    National Investment Agency of

    Georgia

    [To be described:]

    Law of Georgia "On National Investment Agency of Georgia"

    [To be described:] Activities of the

    National Investment Agency of Georgia

    Georgian

    Investment Center

    [To be described:] Activities of the Georgian Investment Centre

    1.2.1

    Government’s Export Promotion Policy

    Foreign Trade Regimes

    . Reforms carried out in recent years in Georgia, including serious legal reforms, are working successfully to create a favourable foreign trade regime in the country. Since

    1995 the following major reforms have taken place in Georgian legislation:

    The system of quotas has been eliminated.

    Products included in the nation's export embargo policy include only works of art and antiques and items of national historical importance.

    There is no customs duty for exports in Georgia.

    A fiscal policy aimed at stimulating exports has been introduced whereby all export goods are free of VAT and excise duty;

    Export of goods requiring an export license have been reduced to the following classes:

    Collections and collectors' pieces of zoological, botanical, mineral, anatomical, historical, archaeological, paleonthological, ethnographic or numismatic interest (HS -

    9705);

    Wood and

    timber

    (4401, 4403, 4404, 4406, 4407);

    Seeds of

    Caucasus

    Pine (120999100);

    Ferrous and non...

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